GRIN(Germplasm Resources Information Network)
USDA's agricultural genebank network. GRIN allows you to search multiple genebanks across the United States at the same time. This is the model for possible future international programs.

National Clonal Germplasm Repository- Corvallis, Oregon
Links to spefic collection lists in the National Clonal Germplasm Repository without searching with GRIN.

Nordic Gene Bank
This is their old website. Unfortunately their new website isn't written in english but if you read Norwegian, view it here.

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault
Norway's incredible underground seed vault, home to over 1.5 million seed samples

Global Crop Diversity Trust
An organization dedicated to the conserving the diversity of our worlds agricultural germplasm.

Canadian Clonal Genebank
Located in Harrow Ontario. This genebank is responsible for conserving, characterizing, virus indexing and distributing tree and small fruit.

GRIN-CA allows you to search through all 100,500 accessions from 850 species in Canada's cumulative genebank collection. The seach page may take some time to master is user friendly and efficient when you do.

Quebec Fruit Breeding
The PGRIS website has articles and publications about hardy fruit varieties like raspberries and strawberries. It also has information on apples, specifically pertaining to hardiness, cider and rootstocks. They have released several cultivars for testing

Wine and Juice Grape Varieties for Cool Climates
A Cornell University Extension publication. Includes French-American, Elmer Swensen, Red wine and White wine Interspecifics. Very inclusive summary of interspecific grapes. It also includes information about the most popular vinifera grapes.

Minnesota Grape Growers Association
Includes an extensive list of Interspecific Grapes.

Pennsylvania Tree Fruit Production Guide
A good reference for apple production techniques. Although the information is meant for growers in milder climates, much of the informationcan be universally applied, even to prairie orchards. Includes sections on disease, pests, chemical management, IPM spray programs, harvest and post-harvest and cider production,

USDA Image database
A searchable database of North American Plants.

California Rare Fruit Growers
Interesting website with information and lists of many rare fruiting plants.

GIPB: Global Partnership Initiative for Plant Breeding Capacity Building
Harnessing plant genetic resources for development. Includes a list of plant breeding programs around the world.

The North American Fruit Explorers
The North American Fruit Explorers (NAFEX) is a network of individuals throughout the United States and Canada devoted to the discovery, cultivation and appreciation of superior varieties of fruits and nuts.

The American Pomological Society
The oldest fruit organization in North America, founded by Marshall P. Wilder in 1848 to foster the science and practice of fruit growing and variety development.

Adam`s Apples
A blog with descriptions and pictures of some very interesting historical apple varieties.
All About Apples is designed to provide education about apples, promote segments of the Apple economy including the many fine orchards and growers, and develop an online community of people passionate about apples

UK National Fruit Collection
The National Fruit Collection is one of the largest fruit collections in the world and includes over 3,500 named Apple, Pear, Plum, Cherry, Bush fruit, Vine and Cob Nut cultivars. Located at Brogdale Farm, near Faversham (Kent), the collection is owned by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and is part of an international programme to protect plant genetic resources for the future.

Canadian Clonal Genebank

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Homepage

Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

Fruit Forum

A Life of Apples

Trees of Antiquity
A Nursery specializing in heirloom or historic fruit trees.

SESTO is a regional gene bank documentation system of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) from the northern Europe. Some data and functionalities such as edit rights are only available for the gene bank staff after authentication.

Prairie Apple Cultivars
A list of apple cultivars grown in Saskatchewan, compiled by C.C. Peters, Fruit and Vegetable Specialist for Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food.

Genetic Resources

Genetic Exchange

Nutritional Studies





Prairie Fruit Genebank