The University of Saskatchewan has been breeding apples since the 1920's. In the last 25 years, we have grown 35,000 seedlings and selected the best for further use in our breeding program. In most recent years, enhanced cold hardiness, fruit quality and storage life have been used as criteria for selecting the next generation of prairie apples.

U of S Apple Introductions

These are apple cultivars selected from U of S seedlings in the last 20 years. Only those listed as 'U of S Introductions' are recommended by the U of S Fruit Program. Others have been named by the former Prairie Apple Producers Inc. (PAPI).

Popular Prairie Apple Cultivars

If you live on the Canadian prairies, and there's an apple growing in your backyard, then there's a good chance that apple is on this list. These are the apples that have survived on the prairies, despite our cold prairie winters and hot dry summers.


The term 'seedling' can be ambiguous. Young fruit trees are often refered to as 'seedlings', but fruit trees used commercially or grown in your backyard are never grown from seed. Desirable fruit quality and growth habits are preserved by using vegetative propagation, which makes exact copies or clones of the mother plant. So when we, or any other fruit research organization refer to seedlings, we are describing trees which have been grown from seed. These seeds are the careful product of time consuming controlled crosses, where the pollen used to fertilize the flower is carefully chosen in order to produce the most desirable offspring. Read more.


The foundation for all apple trees. Read more.



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